Most house plants are kept as decoration, without many knowing that maintaining plants at home also has health benefits. Basically, plants are producers of oxygen, as well as home plants that are relatively small in size. Some types of house plants also function to maintain the air quality around the house.
1. The presence of plants at home helps us breathe
Humans breathe by breathing oxygen and removing carbon dioxide, but plants with photosynthesis do the opposite. This is the main advantage of maintaining plants around or inside the house.
However, keep in mind that plants need enough sunlight to maximize photosynthesis. This photosynthesis process stops at night where almost all plants begin to inhale oxygen and remove carbon dioxide. Then it will be dangerous if we fall asleep around the plants at night, except for a few special plants such as orchids, cactus-like plants, and other epiphytic plants that absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen at night. Therefore, storing these types of plants in the room will remain safe and can produce oxygen even at night.
2. Plants can clean the house air
Pollutants can be spread everywhere, especially in open spaces, and do not rule out the possibility that air pollutants can enter the house. In addition to the presence of pollutants, a decrease in air quality in the home can also be caused by other chemicals from household appliances. Research by NASA shows that plants can clean indoor air by capturing various pollutant particles in the air. This is also supported by further research that found that plants can reduce levels of ozone gas released by household and office electronic devices.
One of the ways to reduce air quality inside the house is the volatile organic compounds (VOC) contaminants released by household appliances such as plastic cleaning materials, building materials, and paint. VOCs do not cause symptoms of poisoning in the short term but can trigger asthma and cancer in a long time. One study showed a significant difference in VOC levels between rooms without plants and with plants, amounting to 933 and 249 μg / m. This shows that plants can improve air quality in the room.
Based on the research, the types of plants selected as air cleaners in the room include the Spider Plant, Ivory Betel, and the In-Law Tongue. The plant is chosen because the treatment is easy to put in the house. To clean open air, try plants like Azalea, Peace Lily, and English Ivy vines. NASA also recommends placing indoor air purification plants every 30 square meters around the house.
3. Reducing the risk of flushing channels
Respiratory disorders are closely related to air quality, one of which is the amount of dust particles in the air. The occurrence of respiratory tract disorders begins with the entry of germs along with dust particles that cause infection or trigger the occurrence of asthma. This is easy to happen in environments with low humidity. Plants stored in the house can also reduce dust particles by increasing the humidity of the air, through evaporation of water from the roots or soil stored in plant pots.
One study has proven that with hanging plants, this can reduce dust levels in the room by up to 30% in about three months. Plants themselves, in general, contribute to water content in the air layer by up to 10%.
4. Plants can improve a person’s psychological condition
Being in a garden or room that has plants will calm the mind and improve mood. According to the American Horticultural Therapy Association (AHTA), there are several benefits of maintaining plants at home against a person’s psychological and cognitive conditions, including:
• Increases self-confidence
• Reduces stress and anxiety
• Feel fitness
• Helps calm the mind and make optimism
• Improve concentration and focus
• Improve memory skills
This is supported by the results of research that shows the effect of improving mood and performance when someone works in a room decorated with plants, compared with individuals who work in a room that has no plants. The benefits of gardening activities also improve social health by encouraging someone to work together and socialize with others.